Colorectal surgery is an umbrella term for any surgical procedure that is performed to address a disorder of the colon or rectum. The severity of the disorder to be treated through surgery can range from mildly irritating to life-threatening. As with many other health problems, early screening and prompt treatment of a colorectal issue are proven to result in better health outcomes.
The number of conditions that require colorectal surgery are numerous and varied. One of them – colorectal cancer – is the second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Colorectal cancer afflicts men and women roughly equally and can reach an advanced stage without producing any noticeable symptoms. It is generally recommended that anyone over age 50 undergo colorectal cancer screening as the risk of developing this form of cancer only increases with age. Certain higher-risk populations are encouraged to undergo screening even before they turn 50. These include smokers, the obese, African-American men and women, native Alaskans, and people with a family history of colorectal cancer (or polyps), inflammatory bowel disease, ovarian cancer or breast cancer.
A doctor may recommend colorectal surgery if a diagnostic procedure reveals the presence of any of the following medical conditions:
- Chronic hemorrhoids
- Anal fissures
- Imperforate anus (or other birth defect)
- Fecal incontinence
- Crohn’s disease
- Ulcerative colitis
- Severe constipation
Tampa General Hospital’s Endoscopy Center offers diagnosis and treatment for an extensive range of gastroenterological conditions, including those that require surgical colorectal surgery as treatment. TGH has been named one of the top 50 hospitals in the nation for Gastroenterology & GI Surgery by U.S. News & World Report for 2019-20.
To find a gastroenterologist who can diagnose these conditions and determine whether colorectal surgery is required, click here or call 1-800-833-3627.