The specifics of cardiomyopathy treatment vary according to the type of cardiomyopathy present and the overall health of the patient. Generally speaking, though, there are established forms of treatment for each of the main types of this condition. Here is a brief overview of these treatments:
- Dilated cardiomyopathy – Treatment options for this condition may include medications to improve heart function, and the implantation of surgically implanted devices to manage and correct abnormal heart rhythms.
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy – Patients with this form of cardiomyopathy are often given medications to address symptoms, reduce blood pressure, and correct abnormal heart rhythms. The treatment process may also involve losing excess weight and monitoring salt and water intake.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – Physicians may suggest several treatments for this type of cardiomyopathy, including medication to maintain a healthy heart rhythm and the placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) that emits gentle electric shocks to correct abnormal rhythms. Surgical procedures such as a septal myectomy or a septal ablation may also be recommended to eliminate thickened portions of the heart muscle.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia – Treatment for this type of cardiomyopathy may involve medications to help control heart rhythms or the placement of an ICD. In other cases, a surgical procedure known as radiofrequency ablation may be suggested to treat damaged portions of heart tissue.
In severe cases where traditional treatment methods prove unsuccessful and the heart is failing, heart transplantation may be recommended.
Tampa General Hospital’s Cardiovascular Center provides the latest advances in cardiomyopathy diagnosis and treatment. We have received disease-specific certification from The Joint Commission for heart failure and ventricular assist device services.
If you would like to consult with a cardiologist about treatment options for cardiomyopathy, please use Tampa General Hospital’s online PhysicianFinder.