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Expert Care and Personalized Attention is What Makes the TGH Thyroid & Parathyroid Institute a World-Class Treatment Center


The TGH Thyroid & Parathyroid Institute specializes in the evaluation and surgical treatment of thyroid and parathyroid disorders. Chosen as one of America's Best Hospitals for Diabetes & Endocrinology by U.S. News & World Report for 2020-2021 (where we are ranked #36 in the country and are one of the top 3 programs in Florida)Tampa General Hospital provides a broad spectrum of services for thyroid and parathyroid conditions, including diagnostic testing and minimally invasive surgery. Our surgeons in this center are highly specialized. The parathyroid surgeons, trained under Institute founder Jim Norman, perform only one type of operation, and have the highest volumes, with the parathyroid center performing approximately 10% of all parathyroid operations in the United States. (Data from the Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data: Physician and Other Supplier Public Use File for CY2016; available at

What Does the Thyroid Do?

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that sits just below the Adam’s apple and wraps around the front of the windpipe in the neck. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland control the rate of several important processes in the body related to metabolism, including the ability to burn calories and the rate of the heartbeat. There are several types of thyroid disorders and cancers that can affect this gland, and can be treated surgically at the TGH Thyroid & Parathyroid Institute. 

What Are the Parathyroid Glands?

The parathyroid glands are a group of four smaller glands (each one is about the size of a grain of rice) located near the thyroid. They are not related to the thyroid’s function, but they happen to have a similar name because they are normally right next to the thyroid. The parathyroid glands have one purpose: regulate blood calcium levels. If the blood calcium level is too high (called hypercalcemia), it is usually due to parathyroid disease, most commonly caused by a parathyroid tumor. Parathyroid disease leads to symptoms and complications throughout the body, including chronic fatigue, low energy, insomnia, memory loss, kidney stones, chronic kidney disease, and osteoporosis. The treatment for hyperparathyroidism is removal of the parathyroid tumor.

What Makes the TGH Thyroid & Parathyroid Institute Special?

Our institute is dedicated solely to parathyroid and thyroid patients, which means our staff is highly experienced in all facets of diagnostic testing and treatment. For example, our sonographers have performed more than 30,000 thyroid ultrasounds and are extremely skilled in obtaining clear and detailed images of this complex gland. Our surgeons are world leaders in their field and perform innovative procedures thousands of times each year to treat thyroid cancer and parathyroid disorders. Patients from all areas of the United States and the world come to the TGH Thyroid & Parathyroid Institute to receive the care they need from experienced physicians who can properly diagnose and treat their conditions. 

Click here to watch a video of a minimally invasive radioguided parathyroid surgery.

Click here to watch a video about a TGH patient’s experience at the TGH Thyroid & Parathyroid Institute.